Pet Resource Center

Inteceptor is BACK! 

Posted by Erin Monday, April 27, 2015 9:32:00 AM

Interceptor is BACK.... The Heartworm Prevention safe for our Herding Breeds!

interceptor

 

 

Bravecto The 3 month Flea and Tick Product 

Posted by Erin Monday, April 27, 2015 9:29:00 AM

The chew that protects your pet for 3 months from Fleas & Ticks!

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How To Brush Your Dogs Teeth 

Wednesday, January 29, 2014 11:48:00 AM

Check out this Video from the AVMA on Dental Disease and how to Brush your Pets' Teeth

 

 

Flea & Tick Guide for Pets 

Tuesday, November 19, 2013 6:38:00 PM

The world of fleas and ticks, covering the in’s and out’s of the world of products.  Fleas and ticks have a life cycle, this is why cannot kill them all at once and they are always around to bug our fur babies and us!

http://www.capcvet.org/parasite-prevalence-maps/

Flea Life Cycle

Fleas lay eggs (100,000+) in the environment (after the female has had a meal on you or your pet) the eggs then change into Larva over 2-3 days, the larva then form a cocoon and they are now in the indestructible stage of the pupae. This is the stage that short of blowing up the world is why we will always have fleas! Sometime in the next 3-4 weeks the pupae emerges into a flea and they are out to bite us to continue their lives. 

Tick Life Cycle

Ticks lay eggs (10,000+) in the environment after a female has had a meal and this usually occurs in the spring. The eggs will hatch and develop into a larva, the larva feed on mice and bird to sustain their growth thru the summer, fall and winter. In the winter the nymphs then focus on attaching and feeding on wildlife or people. Come Spring one year later the feeding frenzies start and they are now considered adults; this is the stage that when they feed ticks can transmit infectious disease to our pets and us! Once the adult females have meals they lay eggs and the process will start all over again.

A flea or tick must bite to get a blood meal to be able to provide nutrition to lay eggs. Many products stop (neuro-scramble) the flea from biting when they get on your pet. The name brands include Frontline (Plus), Advantage, Advantix, Revolution, Activyl (TP), Vectra and Seresto. Three are also many more generic labeled items that use similar active ingredients of the name brand products. Most of these are a topical application. Seresto is an exception to this, as a polypropylene, not latex, impregnated collar with 8 months of protection). If your pet is exposed to fleas or ticks, you may see the little critters on them. Some products work fast and others a bit slower, but the fleas or ticks will not be able to bite for a meal and the product will kill them. The more your pets are exposed to the more you may see on your pet.

Wait let me explain where fleas and ticks like to hang out…

Fleas and ticks like to hang out in shaded areas, moist environments and in warm temperatures. i.e. - the mulch bed, under or on the big tree in the yard, the taller grasses of the parks we love to walk or bike through or even behind the couch or bed are great places your pet likes to use for alone time. Fleas are not a fan of the direct sunlight. Yes, fleas love it when fall and winter arrives here in northeast Ohio and we start to turn the heat back on in our homes. They come out as hungry pupae and have a second summer party, so your unprotected dog and cat is there to snack on. Ticks however do not mind sunshine, ice or snow. They keep on going despite hot or cold weather that we get in Ohio!

Treating outside may require a professional who understands you have pets! Treating inside requires vacuuming (to wake them up and get them active), and using a pet safe inside area treatment with a growth regulator to work when the cocoon stage is over. Washing bedding or professional steam cleaning of couches and large pieces of furniture may be required too.  Phew I’m exhausted just thinking about how annoying these little bugs are!

OK, back to topical products to protect your pets. Most topical products work by getting into the pores of your pet and hanging out in the natural oils of their skin. These last at peak effectiveness (95-90%) for 30 days. That is why when you groom, bathe or allow your pets to swim the products will never work like they are supposed to. The activities listed above will help remove the oil in small doses and therefore decreasing the products ability to fend off the flea, resulting in your pet being a buffet. Now some products out there are better at water “resistance” but no product is 100%, and that is why the companies out there have us swimming in a sea of marketing ploys for flea products. Topical Alternatives (Seresto Collar) are made latex free and the product in the collar is released onto the pet hair by ion transfer, so if you have a hairless pet, this is not a product for you! by ion transfer (OK, yes I’m a bit of a science and bio-chem geek). This transmission works up to 8 months if your pet is not regularly swimming or being bathed. When the hair gets wet, the product will come off, so it is only 90% effective on super swimmer or regular bathers for 5-6 months.

These products all sound great but what about side effects of these products?

Topical products have a “carrier” that helps the flea killing product quickly get into the skins oil producing layer but sometimes they can irritate the skin at site of application. The irritation may cause a rash, episodes of “skin crawling” (fancy lingo is hyperaesthesia)  and/or hair loss. Some topical products are not safe for cats. Some topical products need to dry and should not be touched by people until dry. 

Oral products can upset the GI system, vomiting or loss of appetite and/or diarrhea.

Topical alternatives (collars) have safety break away areas and the active chemical are in the collar (Not on the collar like the old stinky powder coated systems). Products are only attracted to the hair of your pet not in the oils of the skin and coat. If your pet gets it off and eats the product, it can cause vomiting and diarrhea but we can see it on x-ray! OK cool technology for us here at the office but, again not effective in your pets belly or out in the field where they were running. Should your pet have any side effects you should report it to your veterinarian ASAP!!!

What is with this whole parasite talk?

We have noticed this year the fleas and ticks are quite the problem and we want to avoid things like skin infections (flea allergic dermatitis), hair loss due to itching and scratching and transmission of Lyme disease from ticks attaching and feeding!  Most fleas carry Tapeworms (GI parasites – rice like segments that you find near the rectum or on the stool of your pet) and a disease called Bartonella (blood parasite) that makes us people sick if we get scratched by one of our fine felines it is known as 'Cat Scratch Fever'!